Chennai: Technology Review,
MIT's magazine of innovation, has announced the annual
list of 10 emerging technologies that have the potential to shape the way we
live and do business.
India 2009 conference agenda
These innovations - each represented by a researcher whose vision and work
leads the field - promise fundamental shifts in areas from energy to health
care, computing to communications, says a release from Technology Review.
Technology Review's editor in chief and publisher, Jason Pontin, will present
the TR10 in India at the inaugural EmTech India conference, being hosted in
conjunction with CyberMedia on March 2-3, 2009, in New Delhi.
cheap diagnostic tool using paper!
The 2009 TR10 includes some technologies that should reach the market within
a year, such as paper-based medical tests and virtual personal-assistant software.
The list includes technologies miniature and massive - from fast, cheap, capacious
computer memory to batteries that can store enough energy to power a city.
- Liquid battery: Donald Sadoway, a materials chemistry professor at
MIT, has developed a liquid battery that could store enough electricity to
allow cities to run on solar power at night.
- Travelling-wave reactor: John Gilleland, manager of nuclear programmes
at Intellectual Ventures, is leading the development of a reactor that would
run on depleted uranium, making nuclear power safer and less expensive.
- Paper diagnostic test: George Whitesides, a professor at Harvard
University, is using paper to create easy-to-use medical tests that could
make it possible to quickly and cheaply diagnose a range of diseases in the
- Biological machines: Michel Maharbiz, an assistant professor at the
University of California, Berkeley, has developed a wirelessly controlled
beetle that could one day be used for surveillance or search-and-rescue missions.
- $100 genome: Han Cao, founder of BioNanomatrix, has designed a nanofluidic
chip that could dramatically lower the cost of genome analysis. Combined with
the right sequencing technology, Cao's chip could allow doctors to tailor
medical treatment to a patient's unique genetic profile, map new genes linked
to specific diseases, and quickly identify new viruses and outbreaks.
- Racetrack memory: IBM fellow Stuart Parkin has created an entirely
new type of data storage using magnetic nanowires. This "racetrack memory"
could eventually replace all other forms of computer memory and lead to tiny,
rugged, and inexpensive portable devices.
- HashCache: Vivek Pai, a computer scientist at Princeton University,
has created a new method for storing Web content that could make Internet
access speedier and more affordable around the world.
- Intelligent software assistant: Adam Cheyer, cofounder of the Silicon
Valley startup Siri, is leading the design of powerful new software that acts
as a personal aide. This virtual personal-assistant software helps users interact
more effectively with Web services to complete tasks such as booking travel
or finding entertainment.
- Software-defined networking: Stanford computer scientist Nick McKeown
developed a standard called OpenFlow that allows researchers to tap into Internet
switches and routers to easily test new networking technologies with the click
of a mouse-all without interrupting normal service.
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- Nanopiezotronics: Zhong Lin Wang, a materials scientist at Georgia
Tech, is pioneering the field of nanopiezotronics. Wang is creating piezoelectric
nanowires that generate electricity using tiny environmental vibrations; he
believes they could power implantable medical devices and serve as tiny sensors.