Fortune: $2.05 billion
Company: China Zhongwang Holdings
Chinese billionaire Liu Zhongtian is the founder and chairman of China Zhongwang Holdings - Asia's largest producer by capacity of aluminum extrusion products. He is in his second five-year term in the NPC, of which he has been a member since 2003.
In 1993, at age 29, Liu founded China Zhongwang in the northeastern province of Liaoning. The company made its debut in Hong Kong in 2009. Liu's 74 percent stake in his company catapulted his net worth to over $3.5 billion after the listing raised $1.3 billion - making him China's richest person in 2009.
Within six months, the company was forced to conduct an external review of its IPO after media reports alleged it had misrepresented certain parts of its prospectus. Trading of its stocks on the Hong Kong Exchange was halted for a month during the review. The company was cleared of wrongdoing.
In 2010, China Zhongwang's sales were hit by a U.S. anti-dumping and countervailing investigation, which saw its revenue slump 29 percent that year. This resulted in the company's stock falling, which in turn led to Liu losing 34 percent of his wealth in 2010, according to the Hurun Report.
The business tycoon, who has a diploma from Liaoning Radio and TV University, is also an executive member of the Communist Party's All-China Federation of Industry & Commerce and has won several government awards like the "Builder of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics."