Fortune: $6.64 billion
Company: Longfor Properties
Wu Yajun is the only woman in the list of China's richest Congress members. She is also the wealthiest woman in China and the richest self-made woman in the world, according to the Hurun report.
She's been on the Hurun rich list for 10 years. Her wealth comes from Longfor Properties, a company the former journalist founded in 1995 with her husband. Wu is chairwoman of the real estate development firm in which her family holds a 76 percent stake. Feeding China's property boom, the business magnate's wealth ballooned in 2009 to $4 billion when the company made its debut on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Her personal fortune of $6.64 billion is an increase of 50 percent from the 2010 estimate of $4.4 billion, according to Hurun.
Despite cooling measures by China, which has seen bank loans for property developers dry up, cash-rich Longfor has not felt the need to raise funds via stock or bond markets. The company saw its core net profit rise nearly 75 percent in 2011.
While she is considered an influential member of the NPC, Wu maintains a low key approach, shunning the media for interviews.