Date of birth: Dec. 28, 1952
Term: Appointed May 2014
A leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and a member of the upper house of parliament since 2000, Jaitley has held several ministerial posts since 1999.
This is Jaitley's first stint as Finance Minister.
Jaitley has set out his stall as an advocate of fiscal prudence and growth-friendly policies.
He has called for faster approvals for infrastructure projects and criticised arbitrary tax rulings under the previous government for stifling investment.
Image courtesy: Reuters