After suspending automated execution logic, popularly called algorithmic (algo) trading, in micro and mini contracts effective January 1, the Forward Markets Commission (FMC) has put in place regulations for the use of this technologically-advanced trading in major commodities.
Effective April 1, commodity exchanges would be able to process 20 orders per second from a client (user ID), irrespective of the order size.
To prevent excessive use of the technology, FMC would levy a particular charge for an order-to trade ratio (OTR) of 50 or more. For an OTR of 50-249, traders would have to pay one paise an order. An OTR of more than 249 would attract a charge of five paisa an order. "The charge is meant to disincentivise the excessive use of this technology," said a senior FMC official.
In case the OTR is 500 or more on a trading day, the member concerned wouldn't be allowed to place any order for the first 15 minutes on the next trading day (in the continuous trading session). However, the trading member would be allowed to carry out transactions in a risk-reducing mode during this period. For calculating OTR, all algorithmic orders (the order entry, modifications and cancellations) would be considered.
|MONITORING CURVE |
Daily order - trade ratio
|(memberwise) ||Charges (per order) |
|Upto 50 ||Nil |
|50-249 (on incremental basis) ||1 paisa |
|250 - 499 (on incremental basis) ||5 paise |
|500 and above ||5 paise |
|Source: FMC |
FMC said exchanges should ensure all algorithmic orders routed through member servers in India through specified computer-to-computer link (user) identification were approved by the exchange for algo trading. It added exchanges would be responsible for providing algo trading facilities to its members, after gathering their complete details. The exchanges would have to submit monthly reports to FMC. Members already using algorithmic trading would need the exchange's approval by March 31.
Traders have been asked not to violate the daily price limit, the maximum order size, the position limit and other contract specification criteria.
The regulator also asked commodity exchanges to monitor algo trading and ensure this wouldn't suck liquidity from the market. While registering traders for such trades, exchanges should ensure the trades introduced more liquidity into the system. Exchanges were also asked to prepare half-yearly reviews of the effect of these strategies on liquidity.