Like Popu Majhi, for hundreds who live by the surrounding hills, agriculture is as vital as access to their forests.
For about half the year, these tribals tend to their fields and the remainder, depend on the Niyamgiri hills for forests products, which contribute 30-40 per cent of their annual income.
Vedanta's mining plan would have 'severely' degraded the Niyamgiri hill eco-system, the Saxena panel report had suggested.
If Vedanta is allowed to mine the Niyamgiri hill, some murmur, there will be violence.
The frustration is palpable.
When the company's Lanjigarh project was announced in 2003, locals had hoped for development and employment, none of which have seemingly arrived in expected quantities.
Instead, as Dhaneswar Hial of Chattrapur village contends, there are few openings at the refinery for local inhabitants.
Image Courtesy: Survival International