India's higher education system has seen breakneck expansion over the last couple of decades.
From 4.1 million students in universities and colleges in 1990-91, the number reached 17 million in 2010-11 - most of them at different stages of pursuing a first degree, but two million at postgraduate level.
The goals for the future are even more ambitious.
The reason is that India's university enrolment is said to be only about 18 per cent of the target age group, whereas the world average is 26 per cent; India wants to get to 30 per cent by 2020.
Text: TN Ninan, Business Standard
Associated Press Images