It's a question that's rankled and bewildered many in the Northeast: Why do some areas struck by Superstorm Sandy have plenty of gasoline and others still don't?
It turns out we need electricity to drive. Even if we're driving cars that run on gasoline. And many areas still have no power.
Without electricity, gasoline can't be pumped from refineries, through pipelines, off tanker ships, out of terminals or from gas stations into Toyotas, Chevys and Fords.
"The problem will go away when the power is restored, and it won't go away if it's not," said Tom Kloza, chief oil analyst at the Oil Price Information Service.
The gasoline crisis is expected to end within days as electricity comes back on in most areas of the Northeast.
That was small comfort to drivers who were trapped Saturday in gasoline lines that stretched for hours. The problems were concentrated in New York City, Long Island and Central and Northern New Jersey.
Just a half gas tank away, in Connecticut and Southern New Jersey, where electricity was back on in most areas, stations were operating normally.
The problem isn't a shortage of gasoline. There's plenty in the area. It's sitting tantalizingly close, in the tanks of ships and on shore terminals and even at gasoline stations.
Among the surest signs: Prices for wholesale gasoline in New York Harbor, a major trading hub, have hardly budged. Sellers would love to get rid of their gasoline if they could.
One reason prices haven't spiked is that the storm and its aftermath have canceled countless car trips that would normally have occurred — to and from work and trips out of town. Fewer such trips mean less demand for gasoline. That keeps a lid on prices.
And it's also because the region's gasoline infrastructure is already crackling back to life. Public Service Electric & Gas Co., New Jersey's biggest utility, said Saturday that power had been restored to all major gasoline refineries in its area.
The Buckeye Pipeline, a conduit that brings fuel from New Jersey to eastern Long Island, is back up and running, too.
And several terminals were recently reopened, or are about to reopen, in Brooklyn, the Bronx, Staten Island, western Long Island, Perth Amboy, N.J., and in Orange County north of New York City, the Energy Department said Saturday.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo of New York said Saturday that state and local officials were working with the U.S. Coast Guard to off-load 28 million gallons of fuel from tankers in the next several days. That's about how much gasoline New York State and New Jersey, combined, burn on a typical day.
Government officials have also waived some environmental regulations governing fuel blends and a restriction against some foreign vessels from delivering cargo to U.S. ports. That will allow gasoline from other parts of the country to flow to New York faster in coming days.
President Barack Obama also authorized the release of heating oil from a reserve in the Northeast. This fuel can also power generators. Government-owned generators are being distributed to refineries, terminals and gas stations so they can run pumps to get fuel into drivers' tanks.
The Defense Department has begun to set up mobile fuel stations around the New York metro area to distribute 12 million gallons of gasoline and 10 million gallons of diesel to run generators. The gas — up to 10 gallons per person — is free.
When word spread Saturday, people rushed to handout stations around the region.
Tatiana Gomez from Staten Island heard about the giveaway on the news while having breakfast.
"I left my coffee on the table and ran out," she said.
She arrived at 9:30 a.m. and was the sixth car in line. It was still a 2½ hour wait before she got her allotment.
That's because the tanker arrived later than expected. Then the National Guard struggled at first to hook the pumper truck to the tanker. Once the pumps did open, gas had to be given first to emergency responders, then the public.
In Staten Island, drivers seemed to be taking the long wait with calm. Sammy Cruz waited for three hours Saturday and still had 20 cars in front of him.
"People are happy to be getting something," he said. "Nobody's complaining."
National Guardsmen were walking through the crowd, handing out bottles of water to those waiting. Some people jokingly tried to place orders for coffee or lunch as the Guardsmen passed.
"I think since 9/11 we've pulled together as people," Robert Costantino said while waiting for fuel. "Now, when there's a crisis, we pull together."
In some areas of Brooklyn, tension was more evident.
"It's pandemonium out here," said Chris Damon, who was waiting among hundreds, many honking their horns. "I feel like a victim of Hurricane Katrina. I never thought it could happen here in New York, but it's happened."
When Damon started out, he had a half tank of gas. During the long wait, National Guard troops had him circle the block several times. His fuel level fell nearly to a quarter-tank.
Kloza of the Oil Price Information Service said drivers seem to fear that stations will be out of gas for a week or more. But the problem will be long over, he said, by the time many people would normally need to fill up.
"There are some people who need it, but there are a lot of people who are panicking," Kloza said. "There's plenty of fuel. This will be over in days."
Associated Press writers Eileen AJ Connelly in Staten Island and Michael Rubinkam in Brooklyn contributed to this report.
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