A look at J.C. Penney's milestones:
—1902: James Cash Penney, son of a Baptist preacher and farmer, opens The Golden Rule, a dry goods and clothing store in Kemmerer, Wyoming. The name was based on his guiding principle of building a business through serving the community with fair dealing and honest value.
—1913: Incorporated in Utah as the J.C. Penney Co. Inc. and the Golden Rule name was phased out.
—1914: Headquarters moves from Salt Lake City, Utah, to New York City.
—1929: Begins selling shares as a publicly traded company.
—1951: Store sales exceed $1 billion for the first time.
—1963: Issues its first catalog.
—1971: James Cash Penney dies at age 95.
—1972: Launches first national television.
—1979: Catalog sales pass $1 billion for the first time.
—1992: Headquarters moves to Plano, Tex.
—1994: Launches jcpenney.com, its online store.
—2005: Penney's e-commerce business surpasses $1 billion in sales.
—2009: Opens its first store in Manhattan.
—2010: Becomes the exclusive retailer of Liz Claiborne and Claiborne in the U.S. and Puerto Rico. Exits catalog business. Introduces mobile coupons.
—2011: Ron Johnson, a former Apple executive, becomes CEO.
—2012: Implements a new pricing strategy that eliminates hundreds of coupons and sales in favor of everyday lower prices. Begins rolling out new shops in stores to turn the stores into mini-malls of sorts.