Sources close to the development say the Abu Dhabi-based airline, in its reply, will have to address the issues raised by the market regulator, failing which it will have to make an offer to buy the entire 25 per cent public holding in Jet through an open offer.
The notice was issued to Etihad earlier this week by Sebi, according to the sources. Etihad, Sebi and Jet Airways did not respond to an email query on the issue.
According to Sebi’s takeover code regulations, an open offer is triggered in multiple ways, including when an entity acquires 25 per cent stake in a listed firm and/or if it acquires control’ over it.
In this case, Sebi could have initiated enforcement proceedings based on a view that the Abu Dhabi-based carrier was gaining control over the Indian carrier.
“The deal initially went to Sebi, which had sanitised the contract agreements to ensure there was no control-related issue and based on that it had given the go-ahead. One has to see whether the assessment by the Competition Commission of India has made Sebi rethink or is it that they now see that the element of control still operates and, hence, they see an open offer trigger,” says Ramesh Vaidyanathan, managing partner, Advaya Legal.
FDI norms allow a foreign airline to hold up to 49 per cent stake in a domestic airline. Etihad has secured Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) approval to purchase 24 per cent equity stake in Jet Airways. In case Sebi passes an order requiring Etihad to make an open offer, it will have to approach the FIPB again for acquiring additional shares.
The additional shares acquired through the open offer will take the promoter holding in Jet Airways beyond 75 per cent, the maximum a promoter can hold in a listed firm. Currently, Jet, which has 51 per cent stake, together with Etihad owns 75 per cent in the company.
Shares of Jet are currently trading at Rs 216, nearly 70 per cent lower than Etihad’s acquisition price of Rs 754.7.
"If after an open offer, the promoters' holding exceeds the 75 per cent limit, then they will again have to bring it below 75 per cent within a year,” says R S Loona, managing partner, Alliance Corporate Lawyers, a corporate law firm.
Loona says the issuance of a showcause notice doesn't necessarily mean that Sebi will issue an adverse order. “If the noticee is able to explain why further Sebi action is not called for as the acquisition was within the rules, Sebi may not issue further directions,” he says.
Interestingly, Sebi, in a communication to the ministry of finance in September, had stated that the agreement between Jet and Etihad did not result in change of control and, hence, would not attract takeover code provisions. However, the market regulator had put a caveat stating that if any other regulator took the view that Etihad was acquiring control over Jet, the two entities would be deemed as persons acting in concert.
Sebi's latest action could possibly be guided by CCI observations on the deal, which had stated that the two entities were gaining 'joint control'.
Jet Airways-Etihad Deal: A Turbulent Journey
January 3, 2013: Jet Airways says it is in talks with Etihad for potential stake sale
April 24, 2013: The Jet board approves 24% stake sale to Etihad
May 24, 2013: Shareholders of the company give green signal to deal at EGM
May 30, 2013: Jet's promoter Tail Winds offloads 5% stake in the company to comply with 25% minimum public shareholding requirement. Promoter stake in Jet falls from 80% to 75%
July 10. 2013: The department of economic affairs writes to Sebi seeking its observation on the deal. Regulator reportedly expresses concerns over the deal structure
September 25, 2013: Sebi writes to DEA stating that prima facie the revised deal doesn't result in change of control and the two entities won't be treated as persons acting in concert. It however, states, if any other regulatory agency takes a view that Etihad is acquiring control over Jet, Sebi too will consider the entities as PACs. Sebi also asks Jet promoters to divest 6% stake prior to allotting shares to Etihad.
November 12, 2013: The Competition Commission of India approves the deal.
November 20, 2013: Jet allots 27.2 million shares to Etihad
November 26, 2013: CCI makes an observation that Etihad and Jet are gaining 'joint control' through the deal.
February 2014: Sebi issues show cause notice to Etihad for violation of takeover code regulations
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