* RBI accepts 25.32 bln rupees bids in 120 bln rupee sale
* Rupee weakens to 59.67/68 per dollar, from 59.34/35
* Bond yields ease, still 44 bps above pre-RBI tightening
(Updates after bond sale; adds details, comments)
By Suvashree Dey Choudhury and Subhadip Sircar
MUMBAI, July 18 (Reuters) - The Indian central bank's effort
to support the rupee by sucking liquidity from the market
through a $2 billion bond sale fell short on Thursday as it
accepted just over one-fifth of the bids, adding pressure on it
to find other ways to mop up rupees.
The open market operation was part of the Reserve Bank of
India's three-pronged plan unveiled late on Monday to prop up a
rupee that has lost about 10 percent against the dollar since
the start of May.
But the other steps, including hiking short-term rates by
200 basis points, sent bond yields surging, creating a mismatch
in pricing demands. In Thursday's open market operation (OMO),
the RBI accepted bids for just 25.32 billion rupees ($424.8
"This does complicate the RBI's task of managing rupee
through the liquidity channel," said Rohit Arora, emerging
market rate strategist at Barclays Capital in Singapore.
"We expect it to continue doing more OMO sales in the near
term. The other option to stabilize the rupee for the government
is to issue an offshore bond," he said.
Whatever measures the central bank takes are liable to be
little more than short-term fixes, as the rupee's weakness stems
from a record high current account deficit.
The currency's vulnerability was laid bare by the sea-change
in global capital flows following speculation that the U.S.
Federal Reserve would begin to wind down its money-printing
stimulus programme later this year, which convinced investors to
pull money out of riskier assets.
While trying to conserve its currency reserves, equivalent
to just seven months of imports, the RBI has sought to limit
avenues for speculation against the currency, to buy time for
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's government to come up with
measures to reduce the external deficits.
A relaxation of rules for foreign direct investment
announced on Tuesday for several industries, including
telecommmunications, failed to give big boost to sentiment.
Besides further OMOs, the RBI could try to pressure New
Delhi to bite the bullet and accept less-favourable pricing at
its bond sales in order to drain liquidity. The next such sale
is due Friday. On Wednesday, the RBI rejected all bids in a $2
billion Treasury bill auction on the government's behalf.
India is also contemplating a sovereign bond issue in order
to attract inflows and prop up the rupee. An increase in the
RBI's policy repo rate at its July 30 review, once unthinkable,
has also become an outside prospect, as has an increase in the
cash reserve ratio for banks.
"The RBI's rejection of bids at the OMO and the treasury
bill auction suggests it does not want yields to rise too much,
but only wants to drain liquidity. The only option before it now
looks like an at least 50 bps CRR hike on July 30," said
Baljinder Singh, a bond dealer with Andhra Bank.
The rupee, meanwhile, weakened further on Thursday
and is close to losing all of the gains made since the central
bank's bold and unexpected measures on Monday, which rattled
markets and led some economists to cut their growth forecasts
for Asia's third-largest economy.
The currency ended at 59.67/68 to the dollar, from a
previous close of 59.34/35. It hit an all-time low of 61.21 on
July 8 as investors fret about the current account deficit and a
lack of structural reforms in an economy growing at a decade low
of 5 percent.
Government bond yields eased on Thursday after the RBI's
bond sale, with the benchmark 10-year bond yield
dropping 6 basis points on the day to 7.99 percent. Yields are
still up 44 basis points from before Monday night's measures.
The hike in short-term interest has virtually shut the
market in commercial bonds and short-term bonds used through
which companies and banks raise short-term funds.
Foreign investors sold more than $200 million in Indian debt
and stocks on Tuesday and Wednesday. Indian stocks
gained about 1 percent on Thursday.
($1 = 59.4900 Indian rupees)
(Additional reporting by Subhadip Sircar, Swati Bhat and Neha
Dasgupta; Editing by Tony Munroe and Simon Cameron-Moore)