* Q3 net down 52 pct at $303 mln, lags estimates
* JLR EBITDA margin falls to 14 pct
* JLR has been propping up its struggling Indian parent
* India business posts loss of 4.58 bln rupees
By Henry Foy
MUMBAI, Feb 14 (Reuters) - Tata Motors Ltd, posted
its first drop in profits in five quarters as its Jaguar Land
Rover (JLR) business faced higher spending and a drop in
operating margin after 18 months of soaring profit.
Rising investment costs and falling profitability at the
British carmaker, whose profits have propped up its weaker
parent for the past year and half, combined with a drop into the
red for the Indian company's domestic business.
JLR said operating margin was 14 percent in the
December quarter, down from 17 percent a year ago, also due in
part to a shift towards less profitable models.
JLR expects operating margin to remain stable in the coming
quarters, Chief Finance Officer Ken Gregor told reporters,
describing earlier margins as "extraordinary".
"The challenge for us as a business is to sustain at roughly
the levels that they are at right now," he said.
Increasing reliance on lower-margin models like the Land
Rover Evoque and Freelander and adverse currency movements saw
JLR's profit margin fall, and free cash flow turned negative
just months after it paid its weaker parent a maiden dividend.
JLR's cheaper, lower-margin Evoque and Freelander compact
SUVs accounted for 52.5 percent of all Land Rover retail sales
in the quarter, up from 43.7 percent a year earlier.
Currency fluctuations shaved off 50 basis points from JLR
margins in the December quarter, the company said. The pound
rose 0.7 percent against the dollar during the quarter,
denting profits earned in the United States.
Tata's net profit for the third quarter of the financial
year ending March 31 came in far below market estimates at 16.28
billion rupees ($303 million), down 52 percent on the year and
the first fall since the three months to September 2011.
Analysts had expected average profit of 28.9 billion rupees,
according to Thomson Reuters Starmine.
"Over the next couple of years, they are unlikely to
generate much cash. That's a worry," said Joseph George, analyst
at IIFL Institutional Equities in Mumbai.
JLR had net cash of 437 million pounds ($684 million) at
end-September, but as it ploughs money into a new engine plant
in Britain and a factory in China, it will no longer drive cash
generation at its owner, Asia's seventh-biggest carmaker by
Shares in Tata Motors, which is also listed in New York
, fell 2.5 percent in Mumbai on Thursday before the
results. The broader market ended down 0.6 percent.
JLR's cash was the primary reason behind an improvement in
Tata Motors' consolidated net adjusted debt to operating EBITDA
ratio to 0.98 in the year to last March from 1.21 in the
previous year, ratings agency Fitch said in a recent note.
The maker of sleek Jaguar saloons and rugged Land Rover
sport utility vehicles (SUV), raised $500 million in fresh debt
last month and said it would raise funds from capital markets
and banks to fuel its capital expenditure as required.
In China, the world's biggest auto market, JLR sales jumped
71 percent in 2012, making it the marque's No.2 market after
Europe. JLR is investing $1.7 billion with local partner Chery
Automotive to build a factory in China.
JLR contributed around 90 percent of Tata Motors' net profit
in the last financial year, so its margins are scrutinised more
by investors than those of Tata's domestic business.
The Indian automaker's core domestic business making trucks,
buses and cars lost 4.58 billion rupees ($85 million) in the
quarter, against profit of 1.74 billion a year earlier, as
revenue fell 20 percent.
Operating margin for the India business fell to 2.2 percent
from 6.7 percent a year earlier. The Indian parent's chief
financial officer said the margin was one of its lowest ever.
The external environment and overall economic activity in
India remained challenging, C. Ramakrishnan said, adding:
"demand continues to remain under pressure for our products."