World gold demand rallied in the closing months of 2017, gaining 6% year-on-year in Q4 to reach 1095.8 tonnes. But total demand for the year fell by 7% to 4071.7 tonnes, compared with 2016, according to the World Gold Council's latest Gold Demand Trends report.
Inflows into exchange-traded funds (ETFs) continued steadily throughout the year, totalling 202.8 tonnes, but lagged behind the exceptional levels seen in 2016.
Similarly, although central banks continued to add to reserves, purchasing 371 tonnes in 2017, buying was down 5% year-on-year.
Full-year bar and coin demand fell 2% as US retail investment dropped sharply.
However, the year saw a recovery in both jewellery and technology demand, each making modest gains compared with 2016, as improving economic conditions lifted consumer sentiment in India and China, and an increase in gold-containing technology, such as smartphones and tablets, boosted demand.
Positive annual ETF inflows add 202.8 tonne to demand in 2017, however this was around one-third of 2016's inflows. European-listed gold-backed ETFs accounted for 73% of net inflows, with investors keenly attuned to geopolitics and negative interest rates.
Bar investment was broadly stable, while coin investment slid 10%. Weakness in the sector, down 2% to 1029 tonnes compared with 2016, was largely explained by a sharp drop in US demand to a 10-year low of 39 tonnes, which exceeded strong gains in both China and Turkey.
First annual increase in gold jewellery demand since 2013
2017 saw the first annual increase in jewellery demand since 2013, but the sector remains weak in a historical context. Relatively stable prices and improving economic conditions paved the way for growth, but demand remains soft compared with long-term average levels.
India and China eclipsed other markets, together accounting for 75 tonnes of the 82 tonnes (4%) increase in global full-year demand.
Central Bank gold reserves swell
Official gold reserves swelled by 371 tonnes in 2017, 5% down on 2016 levels. Turkey joined Russia as the most prominent of the central bank buyers.
The technology sector recovered in 2017, up 3% to 333 tonnes compared with 2016, ending a six-year downtrend. The volume of gold used in electronics and other industrial applications grew steadily throughout the year, thanks to the increasing prevalence of new-generation features in smartphones, vehicles and laptops.
Alistair Hewitt, Head of Market Intelligence at the World Gold Council, noted: "It's not surprising to see overall gold demand down given the backdrop of monetary policy tightening and strong equity markets in 2017, but the market is not in bad shape. The US dollar gold price was up 13% and institutional investors, especially in Europe, continued to add gold to their portfolios as a hedge against frothy asset prices and geopolitical uncertainty.
"Jewellery demand picked up as economic conditions improved in China and a policy change in India removed a barrier to demand, while next-generation smartphones boosted gold demand from technology companies.”
Gold mine production at record high
Mine production inched to a record high of 3269 tonnes in 2017, while recycling fell 10%, leading to total supply dipping 4% to 4398 tonnes. The introduction of stringent environmental controls in China saw a 9% fall in mine production in the region, whilst the ongoing concentrate exports ban continued to impact output in Tanzania. Total net de-hedging in 2017 reached 30 tonnes, bringing to an end three consecutive years of modest net hedging.
The key findings included in the Gold Demand Trends Full Year 2017 report are as follows:
Full Year 2017 figures:
• Overall demand for Financial Year (FY) 2017 was 4072 tonnes, a fall of 7% compared with 4362 tonnes in 2016
• Total consumer demand in FY 2017 rose by 2% to 3165 tonnes, from 3102 tonnes in 2016
• Total investment demand fell 23% to 1232 tonnes in FY 2017 from 1595 tonnes in 2016
• Global jewellery demand grew 4% to 2136 tonnes, from 2054 tonnes in the same period last year
• Central bank demand was 371 tonnes, down 5% compared with 390 tonnes in 2016
• Demand in the technology sector increased by 3% to 333 tonnes from 323 tonnes in 2016
• Total supply was down 4% to 4398 tonnes, from 4591 tonnes during 2016
• Recycling fell 10% to 1160 tonnes compared with 1295 tonnes in 2016
Q4 2017 figures:
• Overall demand was 1096 tonnes, an increase of 6% compared with 1036 tonnes in Q4 2016
• Total consumer demand fell by 10% to 906 tonnes, from 1006 tonnes in the same period last year
• Total investment demand was up 41% to 286 tonnes compared with 202 tonnes in Q4 2016
• Global jewellery demand grew 3% to 649 tonnes, from 630 tonnes in the same period in 2016
• Central bank demand slowed 38% to 73 tonnes compared with 118t in Q4 2016
• Demand in the technology sector increased 5% to 88 tonnes compared with 84 tonnes in Q4 2016
• Total supply was up 1% to 1095 tonnes, from 1080 tonnes in the same period last year
• Recycling grew 8% to 277 tonnes compared with 257 tonnes in Q4 2016
- Courtesy: World Gold Council Press Release
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