Women have been an integral part of the Indian film industry since its inception a century ago. Barring a few exceptions, their major contribution has been as actors or singers.
On International Women's Day, March 8, we list the women who have dared to step into uncharted territory in recent times.
They have not only carved a niche for themselves but are pioneering a new trend that will perhaps encourage others to follow suit.
Here they are:
Namrata Rao (editor): An IT student, she decided to pursue her passion for filmmaking as an editor and made her debut with 2008 movie, Oye Lucky! Lucky Oye!, a hit.
Later she edited movies like Ishqiya, Love, Sex Aur Dhokha, Band Baaja Baaraat and Shanghai. She also showed her creativity on the editing table while cutting and trimming hits like Ladies vs Ricky Bahl and Jab Tak Hai Jaan.
Rao has two Filmfare awards in her kitty for Love, Sex Aur Dhokha and Kahaani.
Deepa Bhatia (editor): Wife of filmmaker Amole Gupte, Deepa Bhatia is known as one of finest editors who gave final shape to critically acclaimed film Maine Gandhi Ko Nahin Mara as well as hits like Rock On! and Taare Zameen Par.
Aarti Bajaj (editor): She made her Bollywood debut as an editor with Black Friday and followed it up with successful romantic comedies like Honeymoon Travels Pvt. Ltd, Jab We Met and Love Aaj Kal.
Her oeuvre also includes Paan Singh Tomar, Rockstar and Ishaqzaade.
Savita Singh (cinematographer): The Indian film industry has a few women cinematographers and Savita Singh is one of them.
The woman behind movies like Jalpari: The Dessert Mermaid, Kismet Love Paisa Dilli and Phoonk, Savita is one of the most dependable names in the industry. An alumnus of Pune's Film and Television Institute of India, she feels no stream is male-dominated.
Bhavya (cinematographer): One more name that has entered the field of cinematography is Bhavya. She did the cinematography for Pooja Bhatt's directorial project Jism 2.
Sneha Khanwalkar (music composer): If fields of cinematography and editing have a few names of note, music composition is one field that is still not opted for by the female brigade.
Among the current crop, Sneha is the only one who has made it big. If she hit the bull's eye with Gangs Of Wasseypur, she was equally impressive in Oye Lucky! Lucky Oye! and 2010 release Love, Sex Aur Dhokha.
M M Srilekha (music composer): Down south, M M Srilekha has found a firm foothold in the male-dominated bastion. Sister of renowned music composer M M Keeravani a.k.a M M Kreem, she made her debut as a composer at the tender age of 12 with Telugu film Nannagaru.
Since then she has composed music for over 45 Telugu films, including Taj Mahal, Dharma Chakram, Adirindayya Chandram and Tata Birla Madhyalo Laila.