Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 - 21 November 1970) was a well-known physicist who was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the molecular scattering of light and for the Raman effect, which is named after him.
As his father was a lecturer in mathematics and physics, he grew up in an academic atmosphere. Raman entered Presidency College, Madras, in 1902, and in 1904 gained his B Sc, winning the first place in Physics. In 1907, he completed his M Sc, obtaining the highest distinctions. He joined the Indian Finance Department as an Assistant Accountant General in Calcutta.
In 1917, Raman resigned from his government service and took up the newly created Palit Professorship in Physics at the University of Calcutta. Simultaneously, he continued doing research at the IACS, where he became the Honorary Secretary. Many talented students gathered around him at the IACS and the University of Calcutta and benefited. He was also president of the 16th session of the Indian Science Congress in 1929.
Raman won the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the scattering of light and for the Raman effect. Raman spectroscopy is based on this phenomenon. He was the first Asian and first non-white to get any Nobel Prize in Science. Before him, Sir Rabindranath Tagore had received the Nobel Prize for Literature.
In 1934, Raman became the director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, where two years later he continued as a professor of physics. Raman was honoured with a large number of honorary doctorates and memberships of scientific societies. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career (1924) and knighted in 1929. In 1954, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna. He was also awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1957.