The only ineluctable conclusion which can be drawn from the recent happenings in the Valley is that the strategic discourse of Pakistan's military-intelligence establishment is unlikely to change.
Its strategic reliance on proxy war is abiding. In that pursuit even 'Afghanistan' has proved to be a minor distraction. The US or the NATO has hardly been able to deter Pakistan from this course. India therefore will have to fight the proxy war by itself on the internal and external planes.
The former is a more daunting task. Some of the recent religious protests were inspired, engineered and coordinated by more than one external source. The ire was not just directed at the US and its consulates in India, but there was unmistakable belligerence and implied violence against the symbols and machinery of the Indian state.
The recent period also witnessed ugly protests against the visiting head of state of Sri Lanka. It is these actions that are pushing Sri Lanka into the embrace of China and consequently India has lost some major contracts and investment opportunities.
Image: The Indian (L) and Pakistani national flags unfurl at the border gates of India and Pakistan on the Indo-Pak Joint Border Check Post at Wagah on May 20, 2008.