Starting out 60 years ago as a poor country with a history of famines and underdevelopment, India today stands poised as the surprise powerhouse of cutting-edge science and technology - competing with far richer countries on everything from space research to vaccines.
Science and technology has been key to India`s development strategy right from the time of independence in 1947. At the dawn of independence, India was keen to develop a strong indigenous science and technology base to promote research and development and enable technological self-reliance. The result was a chain of national laboratories that the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called `temples of science` and departments for space, atomic energy and electronics.
Image shows an astronaut on his space mission