Subhas Chandra Bose, fondly known as Netaji, was one of the most prominent and highly respected leaders of the Indian independence movement against the British Raj.
Born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa, Bose was the ninth child among fourteen siblings. His father Janaki Nath Bose was a famous lawyer and his mother Prabhavati Devi was a housewife.
Bose went to England in 1919 to compete for Indian Civil Services. In England he appeared for the Indian Civil Service competitive examination in 1920, and came out fourth in order of merit.
However, Subhas Chandra Bose was deeply disturbed by the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre, and left his Civil Services apprenticeship midway to return to India in 1921.
After returning to India, Bose came under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Indian National Congress.
He showed his leadership mettle and gained his way up in the Congress' hierarchy. Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress for two consecutive terms but resigned from the post following ideological conflicts with Mahatma Gandhi.
Bose believed that Mahatma Gandhi's tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure India's independence, and advocated a more aggressive resistance.
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Image: An undated picture of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (Image courtesy: Wikimedia Commons)