The siege of Mumbai killed 166 people and has been blamed on Pakistani militants belonging to Lashkar-e-Taiba, a group Pakistan's spy agencies are suspected of nurturing as a proxy fighting force in Kashmir. Pakistan has denied any state institutions played a role in the attack on Mumbai.
"We must do away with the shadow of the gun and extremist violence because it's only in the atmosphere free of terror and violence that we can discuss the resolution of such a complex issue" as Kashmir, Rao said during a press conference with her Pakistani counterpart, Salman Bashir.
Pakistan has nudged India to push ahead with talks even as it has struggled to stem the growth of the Taliban and other militants who have proliferated on its soil since the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan. Bashir said the issue of terrorism "requires objectivity, requires to be addressed in a collaborative approach."
Image: Pakistani Foreign Secretary Salman Bashir, right, holds talks with his Indian counterpart Nirupama Rao, left, during a meeting at The Pakistan Foreign Ministry in Islamabad on Friday June 24, 2011. (Photo credit: AP)