Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT, Army of the Pure)
Banned by Pakistan on January 15, 2002.
Member of the International Islamic Front (IIF)
Launched in 1991.
Pan-Islamic jihadi organisation.
Part of Ahl-e-Hadis (or Hadith). Dominated by Punjabis, it recruits only sub-continental muslims.
The January 15 ban order was not applicable to Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK), Northern Alliance (NA) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).
Later was named a global terrorist group by the US.
Amir: Prof Hafeez Mohammed Saeed (a former professor of Lahore Engineering. College)
Patron: Nazimuddin Shamzai of Binori Mosque in Karachi, who was also a teacher of both Maulana Masood Azhar, and Mullah Omar of the Taleban.
Hafeez Sayeed was a co-founder, along with Abdullah Azzam, of Maktab-al-Khidmat (Office of Service) in Peshawar, 1979, to help the Arab jihadis. He was nominated to be a member of Pakistan`s Council of Islamic Ideology (CII) by then President Gen. Zia-ul-Haq.
The choice of the name, Lashkar-e-Taiba, is no surprise since Pakistan itself means the Land of the Pure.
The main training centre is located in Muzzafarabad, PoK. The group also has several launching camps along the LoC - even training camps in the Kunnar province of Afghanistan.
Reported to have over 1,000 offices across Pakistan to recruit jihadis and collect funds. The Indian Parliament attack of December 13, 2001 was jointly carried out by the LeT and the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
Declared as a `foreign terrorist organisation` by the US State Department in October 2001.
Its parent body is Markaz Dawa Wa Irshad (Centre for Religious Learning and Social Welfare). Markaz has its Islamic University at Muridke, about 50 Km from Lahore. The Muridke campus is spread over 200 acres and is a self-contained one. It was built with heavy Saudi funding. The complex has two schools, an Islamic university and a mosque, as well as paddy fields, fish farms and stables for livestock.
Annual conventions held at Muridke are attended by military and political figures. Overall Commander - Zaki-ur-Rahman Lakhvi, India Commander - Muzammil (aka Yusuf or Abu Hurrera).
Markaz Dawa Wa Irshad morphed into JuD (Jama`at-ud-Dawah).
Recent reports suggest it may have a newer name Idara Khidmat-e-Khalq.
Jama`at-ud-Dawah also runs a number of mainstream educational institutions (unlike madrassah). There are 200 model schools and two science colleges run by JuD. It uses special textbooks with jihadi examples. JuD split into JuD and Khairun Naas (People`s Welfare) on July 18, 2004. JuD was put on a watchlist by the Government of Pakistan in November 2003. However, Pakistan had earlier refused to freeze the bank accounts of JuD under UN Resolution 1373 claiming that the JuD was a charity organisation. But it was eventually forced to act after the December 11, 2008 sanctions by the UN Security Council.
In Image: Hafeez Mohammed Saeed