HuJI and Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HUM) were merged in Kashmir in 1993 for better coordination and called as Harkat-ul-Ansar. They both trace their origins to the Binori mosque madrassah in Karachi. Before the merger, the HUM was headed by Maulana Fazlur Rahman Khalil and HuJI by Qari Saifullah Akhtar (arrested in Dubai and extradited to Pakistan on August 6, 2004).
When they were merged, Maulana Fazlur Rahman Khalil became the Amir and Qari Akhtar, Deputy Amir. Another important member of the HUA was Amjad Hussain Farooqi (killed in an encounter in Nawabshah, Sindh on September 26, 2004). One of its commanders formed an ancillary unit called Al Faran.
HuA was the first to be declared by the USA as a foreign terrorist organisation in October 1997. It then dissolved itself and split into its original components, HuJI and HUM. Qari Saifullah Akhtar resumed the leadership of HuJI and made Amjad Farooqi his deputy.
It is widely believed that HUA was the creation of Gen. Nasirullah Babar when Benazir was the PM and he was the Minister for Interior Affairs.
Declared to be a Foreign Terrorist Organisation by the US in 1995.
In Image: Amjad Hussain Farooqi