Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM, Army of Mohammed)
Came into being on 31 January 2000, exactly one month after Maulana Masood Azhar was released from the Indian prison.
Banned by Pakistan on January 15, 2002.
Headquartered in Bahawalpur.
The January 15 ban order was not applicable to Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK), Northern Alliance (NA) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
Amir: Maulana Masood Azhar
Deputy Amir: Mufti Abdul Rauf (Brother of Maulana Masood Azhar)
Formed after Maulana Masood Azhar was released from Indian jail in exchange for the release of passengers of the hijacked Indian Airlines plane IC-814.
Azhar disappeared from house arrest in Bahawalpur in 2003.
He was a close friend of Osama bin Laden from his Sudan days.
Was against the deployment of Pakistani troops in Somalia under the UN and took part in the killing of 24 Pakistani troops in Mogadishu. Also wrote a booklet against Pakistani troops in Somalia and even distributed it in Pakistan.
Member of the International Islamic Front (IIF).
Patron: Nazimuddin Shamzai of Binori Mosque in Karachi, who is also a teacher of both Masood Azhar and Mullah Omar of Taleban.
JeM is a pan-Islamic jihadi organisation.
It was involved along with the LeT in the attack on the Indian Parliament on December 13, 2001.
Declared as a Ă‚Â“Foreign terrorist OrganizationĂ‚Â” by the US State Department in October 2001.
Morphed into KeI (Khuddam-e-Islam)
Runs a charity organization, Al-Akhtar trust, as a front.
Runs a terrorist training camp in Balakot, North West Frontier Province.
Breakaway faction of KeI is Jamaatul Furqan headed by Abdul Jabbar (Banned in November 2003)
In Image: Maulana Masood Azhar