Insurgency has played havoc with the demography within the country. With the insurgents running a parallel government in the rural areas, a large number of people are moving towards cities and towns in search of security and progress.
The rural areas are devoid of doctors, teachers and rural businessman. Maoist insurgency has caused the sky-rocketing of property prices even in small towns like Arrah, Asansol, Jamshedpur and Raipur because of exodus from villages. People feel that at least they will be able to buy peace and the government's writ in these areas.
For the insurgents, there are many payoffs of invisible violence. There is a thriving extortion industry worth Rs 14,000 crores in the Red Corridor and the Maoists have emerged as the mining mafia.
In Kashmir, people are benefiting from money coming from the Centre and Pakistan's ISI. In the Northeast, Manipur and Nagaland have become a bottomless pit. They contribute nothing to India's coffers, but the insurgent outfits run an insurgency industry on tax-payers' money.
Most of the insurgent leaders have acquired huge properties in cities and state capitals. They ensure that their own families and children are not victims of the invisible violence.
Maoism has brought in terror in some peaceful states like Orissa and has begun to make inroads in Himachal Pradesh and Uttrakhand.
The common man is confused by the debate over Maoism and other insurgencies, which he thinks are criminal activities. He is bewildered as to why the government or the civil society should even entertain the idea of having "talks" with criminals. He wonders whether it pays to be a law-abiding citizen.
Meanwhile, the security forces are confused over the shifting definition of their 'adversary' and 'enemy'. If the insurgents, who have declared 'war on India', are considered India's "own people", who are they fighting against? They are not sure whether their actions in line of their duty will have the backing of the country's leadership.
They wonder if it is worth fighting or losing their lives for an ungrateful set of people and VIPs. When they are vilified for their role in counter-insurgency and praised for protection duties of VIPs, they are visited by doubts about being used as a cannon-fodder.
Image: Indian policemen carry the coffin of Inspector M. Durgaprasad during a funeral procession in Hyderabad, on July 5, 2008. Durgaprasad was killed in an attack blamed on Maoists on June 29, 2008 at the Chitrakonda reservoir at the border between Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. Picture copyright AFP. Unauthorized reproduction prohibited.