Godman Swami Nityananda was arrested on Wednesday in Himachal Pradesh on charges including obscenity and hurting religious sentiments, police said.
Nityananda has been charged with "molestation, indulging in acts that are not in conformity with what they profess to be in religious and spiritual order, obscenity, criminal intimidation and hurting religious sentiments," senior police official D V Guruprasad said.
The 32-year-old has been in the eye of a storm since the footage showing him getting intimate with two women devotees became public.
Nityananda, who went missing afterwards, has maintained the pictures were doctored.
The video clip triggered public anger that led to irate followers ransacking his ashram, 30 kilometres from Bangalore.
A bail plea filed in anticipation by lawyers on his behalf was rejected by a court in Karnataka.
India has been rocked by a series of scandals involving self-styled "godmen" who have been allegedly running vice rings and cheating people under the guise of legitimate religious practices.
Another "guru" was arrested in New Delhi in March on charges of running a prostitution racket involving airline cabin crew and college girls in northern India.
Also see: Sex & the Swamis - When godmen turn unholy
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