New York: Popular search engine Google on Monday celebrated the 172nd birthday of French sculptor Francois-Auguste-Rene' Rodin, who was known as Auguste Rodin.
Netizens could see the homepage of the site decorated with a doodle portraying Rodin's famous work "The Thinker".
Rodin was born on 1840 in Paris.
Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past.
He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art.
When it came to sculptures, Rodin possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent, deeply pocketed surface in clay. Many of his most notable sculptures were roundly criticized during his lifetime. They clashed with the predominant figure sculpture tradition, in which works were decorative, formulaic, or highly thematic.
Rodin's most original work departed from traditional themes of mythology and allegory, modeled the human body with realism, and celebrated individual character and physicality. Rodin was sensitive to the controversy surrounding his work, but refused to change his style. Successive works brought increasing favor from the government and the artistic community.
From the unexpected realism of his first major figure - inspired by his 1875 trip to Italy - to the unconventional memorials whose commissions he later sought, Rodin's reputation grew, such that he became the preeminent French sculptor of his time.
By 1900, he was a world-renowned artist. Wealthy private clients sought Rodin's work after his World's Fair exhibit, and he kept company with a variety of high-profile intellectuals and artists.
He married his lifelong companion, Rose Beuret, in the last year of both their lives.
His sculptures suffered a decline in popularity after his death in 1917, but within a few decades, his legacy solidified. Rodin remains one of the few sculptors widely known outside the visual arts community.
Rodin's bronze and marble sculpture "The Thinker", whose first cast, of 1902, is now in the Muse'e Rodinin Paris. There are some 20 other original castings, as well as various other versions, studies, and posthumous castings. It depicts a man in sober meditation battling with a powerful internal struggle. It is often used to represent philosophy.
Rodin died on 1917.
From Charlie Chaplin to Marie Curie, Google doodles have not only celebrated the birth anniversaries of great personalities, they have also made internet users know about important dates through the designs and animation.
Google last week celebrated the 165th birth anniversary of Irish novelist and short story writer Abraham "Bram" Stoker with a doodle.