It happened in 1844, and now 168 years later, Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney may need to duplicate a rare achievement that James Polk, the 11th US President, made if he wants to defeat President Barack Obama in the White House race.
According to polls, Romney faces the prospect of losing both the state of his birth, Michigan, and the state where he lives and served as governor, Massachusetts.
The CNN Polling Center found that Obama holds a double digit lead in Massachusetts, but the race is closer in Michigan, with the polls tightening, though the president remains in front.
According to the Ohio Poll, nearly 50 percent respondents favor Obama as compared to 47 percent who favour Romney.
Under the Electoral College system, each state is worth a certain number of electoral votes based on population. There are a total of 538 electoral votes available, meaning 270 are required to win, CNN reports.
Romney has many plausible paths to victory on Tuesday without winning Michigan or Massachusetts.
Yet the prospect that he might lose either or both raises the question of how many other presidential candidates in U.S. history also were unable to win their birth or home states?
According to the report, winners who overcame the loss of a state with strong personal ties included Abraham Lincoln, Richard Nixon and both George H.W. Bush and his son, George W. Bush.
Honest Abe won his home state of Illinois, but lost his birth state of Kentucky in both of his presidential runs in 1860 and 1864.
In 1968, Nixon won his birth state of California, where he also ran unsuccessfully as governor, but lost his home state of New York, where he had been working as a lawyer for a few years.
Both of the Bushes won the state where they lived-Texas-in their three successful presidential campaigns, but lost their birth states-Massachusetts for the father and Connecticut for the son, the report said.
Many more candidates who lost either their birth or home states also lost the election.
According to the report, Al Gore would have defeated George W. Bush in 2000 if the Democratic vice president carried his home state of Tennessee.
Democratic President Grover Cleveland won a larger share of the popular vote than Benjamin Harrison in 1888, but he lost his home state of New York and the electoral vote to his Republican foe, the report added. (ANI)