The A to Z of the Telangana journey

Last Updated: Sun, Jun 01, 2014 22:21 hrs

So the State of Telangana finally comes into existence on June 2, 2014. This is one State that has been created after a great amount of controversies.

A look at the A to Z of it all…

A for Andhra Pradesh...


Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1956 and since then certain sections had been asking for the bifurcation of the State to make way from Telangana. From Jawaharlal Nehru to Manmohan Singh, every Prime Minister has seen that demand.

B for blackout…



When the Bill was finally passed in the Lok Sabha, it was done so under a TV blackout! While the government termed it a technical glitch it was too much of a coincidence and a new low in citizens of India not getting the right information in the RTI age.

C for Chandrababu Naidu...

Before bifurcation, the TDP supremo was dead and buried, but thanks to the bifurcation and subsequent tie-up with the BJP, he is back with a bang. Not only did he pick up 16 Lok Sabha seats, but he gets back the Chief Minister’s chair, even though it is for a smaller State.

D for disruptions galore…

When the protests raged in 2013, the disruptions were unprecedented. Both the Telangana and Seemandhra regions saw great unrest. Government offices were disrupted. Educational institutes were disrupted. Life came to a standstill. Lok Sabha was disrupted. All the residents of both
States must have heaved a huge sigh of relief when the final decision was made.


E for employees…

There has been tension between employees of the two regions with Telangana Rashtra Samithi chief K Chandrashekar Rao saying in a public meeting that the Seemandhra employees should vacate Hyderabad.

F for fasts...

Potti Sreeramulu went on a fast unto death in 1952 for Andhra Pradesh. KCR went on a fast for Telangana. Jaganmohan Reddy went on a fast against it. There have also been many self-immolations in Telangana for the cause.

G for Godavari-Krishna, water, energy sharing...

River sharing. Water sharing. Power sharing. Sharing of government assets and offices. There will be many debates over this though they may get resolved quickly thanks to a stable government at the Centre.

H for Hyderabad…

This was at the centre of dispute. Telangana wanted it exclusively and the Seemandhra region did not want not let go of it. It is currently joint capital for now and a new capital will be announced soon for the rest of Andhra Pradesh.

I for Indira-Nehru-Sonia...

Nehru had his reservations over Telangana being part of Andhra Pradesh. Indira Gandhi refused bifurcation point blank. Finally the Statehood was granted under Congress President Sonia Gandhi.

J for Jaganmohan Reddy…

Another major player opposing the bifurcation tooth and nail, initially he was a big gainer but in the end he lost out to Naidu and KCR.

K for KCR and Kiran Reddy…

KCR emerged triumphant as the first CM of Telangana. Kiran was a former Congress Chief Minister who rebelled against his own party but it came to nothing in the end.

L for Lok Sabha seats…

At the end it was all done for LS seats. The Congress was drawing a blank in Andhra Pradesh and with bifurcation, the Congress hoped to sweep Telangana at least. It also had hoped that the TRS would merge with it. But in the end it backfired big time and the Congress emerged as the biggest loser.

M for Mulki rules...

The Mulki rules were made after Independence to safeguard the people of Hyderabad. That included jobs and quotas for locals. When the SC upheld it, it sparked the Jai Andhra movement in 1972 that demanded bifurcation.

N for Narasimha Rao…

The above movement reached a crisis when Narasimha Rao was Chief Minister and the government fell when ministers quit. At that point the two regions reached a compromise with something that is referred to as the six-point formula of 1973.

O for Opposition…

In the peculiar Telangana case, for the Congress, its own MPs and MLAs were the Opposition while the actual Opposition in the form of the BJP helped it pass the Bill! Now the tables have turned and the BJP is in power at the Centre.

P for pepper spray, peasant rebellion and Polavaram...

India saw a new low when an MP used pepper spray in Parliament in 2013. A knife may also have been brandished. Earlier something called the peasant rebellion from 1946-51 that had the seeds of the Telangana movement.

One would have thought that after bifurcation things would settle down. But the TRS still called for a bandh over the Polavaram Project, in which an ordinance cleared the way to clear certain “mandals” of Telangana into the Seemandhra region.

Q for quitters…

From Congress MPs to MLAs to other party men: A record number of Congressmen tendered in their resignations over the issue.

R for Rayaltelangana…

There was briefly a talk to merge Rayalseema and Telangana for this State but that was a non-starter.

S for Srikrishna and statues…

It was the Srikrishna report which looked into Telangana statehood while the people of Seemandhra responded by attacking statues of the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty.

T for TRS…

This is the party that started the current successful agitation and it finally got its way by coming to power in Telangana.

U for UPA2 governance…


UPA2 governance has seen a record low with corruption, inaction and Manmohan’s indifference. Add the Telangana mess to it.

V for voice votes…

The Andhra Pradesh Assembly rejected Telangana by voice vote. The Lok Sabha passed it by voice vote.

W for whip…

Usually a party issues a ship to its MPs to vote along party lines. While the Congress couldn’t do it to its own MPs from Seemandhra, the outside of Parliament saw the strange sight of an MP whipping himself as a mark of protest!

X for the unknown factor…

Nobody has been able to predict the way this agitation has gone from the 1950s to the 2010s. Many people in the Telangana were sure that they still would not get Statehood in 2014, but then it finally happened. Now things seem stable, but there are still minor irritants which could blow out of proportion.

Y for YSR’s death…

In a way the decline started after the death of CM YSR Reddy. Had he been alive, Andhra Pradesh would have been firmly in the control of the Congress and bifurcation may not have happened.

Z for zealots…

It is amazing to see how fanatical both sides of the agitation have got with many of them acting like downright zealots.

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The author is a Bangalore-based journalist and blogger. He blogs here.