- RSN Singh
Internal security and external security is solely based on the politics and the prevailing political chemistry of a country. Without security, there can be no stability and consequently no development.
At any point of history, wars have yielded either new political discourse or new dispensations.
The Congress party's nearly unchallenged status in the country began to attenuate after the 1962 war. Indira Gandhi's political fortunes soared after the 1971 war.
Rajiv Gandhi's unprecedented victory in 1984 was also a massive endorsement of the country's decisiveness in handling Pakistan sponsored terrorism in Punjab.
Since then, particularly after the end of Cold War following the defeat of Soviet forces in Afghanistan by jihadi war machine, created by the US and Pakistan, the nature of warfare has changed.
Today's wars shy away from conventional engagements and use proxy methods, which includes terrorism, to destabilize the target country, to further territorial and economic interests. These wars are called proxy wars or sub-conventional wars. The role of Intelligence Agencies in conduct of such wars is paramount.
Such wars cannot be successful without subverting segments of population in the target country.
The two main specimens of these segments in India are the jihadis in Kashmir and other parts of the country, and the Maoists. This kind of warfare critically relies on recruitment and indoctrination of so-called 'intellectuals'.
Proxy war by its very nature thrives on political instability. In India's Red Corridor, Kashmir and in the northeast; investment, infrastructure and social development are becoming increasingly difficult due to the resistance of those very subverted segments.
This segment has unleashed a reign of terror on the population in nearly 40 percent of the Indian territory.
Things have come to a pass wherein political parties have begun to transact vote-bank business with the perpetrators of terror. One ruling party of a particular state owes more than half the seats to manipulation by Maoists. Another politician, the speaker of a Legislative Assembly, owes his legislative position to Maoists.
Similarly, there are enough reasons to believe that some politicians are being blackmailed by the ISI and Hafiz Saeed because of their hawala and other links. It was clearly evidenced when separatists in Kashmir met Sartaz Aziz, Nawaz Sharif's envoy in Delhi.
It was in evidence when Hafiz Saeed shared stage with Yasin Malik in Pakistan. It was also in evidence when certain mainstream politicians tried to label 26/11 as an act of so-called 'Hindu terror'.
Image: AAP convener Arvind Kejriwal waves to supporters during the partys victory rally at Jantar Mantar in New Delhi on Wednesday after the partys good show in Delhi Assembly polls. (PTI)