Time for an Indian Homeland Act

Last Updated: Thu, Jun 18, 2009 07:08 hrs

General JFR Jacob, a hero of the 1971 war and former chief of the Eastern Command, led anti-Naxal operations in Bengal from 1969 until it was crushed in 1971, and subsequently headed anti-insurgency operations in the North East, which led to the Shillong Accord of 1975.

Since the Americans reorganised their intelligence infrastructure after  9/11 , there has been no terrorist attack there. British intelligence agencies too have been able to preempt many planned attacks. 

Major blasts that rocked India

But when it comes to India, the situation is far from satisfactory. The Naxal insurgency is gaining momentum, the insurgencies  in the north east still simmer, and the activities of terrorists  in Jammu and Kashmir continue unabated, as seen by the recent attacks in the Samba sector,  as  also  the  continuing spate of blasts across various cities in the country.

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The growing activities of the terrorist cells established in the country and operating with devastating effect is a matter of the gravest  concern.  The explosions in Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Jaipur, Bangalore and Ahmedabad indicate their growing impunity and ability to strike in any city of their choice.

Special: Bomb blasts in Bangalore.

These acts are obviously designed to destabilize the country.  Though these cells may be getting support from foreign agencies like Pakistan's ISI and the DGFI of Bangladesh, they are increasingly   obtaining   local  support.   [Remember  Gen  Franco  [Outside  Madrid ]-- " I have   four  columns outside  the city  and   my   fifth  column  is in the city". 

The establishment of such foreign sponsored local terrorist cells is of the  gravest  concern, and must be dealt with firmly and expeditiously.  

Sleuths struggle to crack terror outfits

There are two main factors which sustain terrorist and  insurgent activities:

  • Firm  bases [these are   in  Pakistan /Bangladesh/Nepal and within the country]   outside and inside with increasing  local support.

  • Lines of supply for money, arms , explosives and ammunition.

Without these two, terrorism or insurgency cannot be sustained.

Timeline of major blasts in India

Money, arms  explosives  ammunition   are  being   sourced from  outside  and inside  the country--weapons and money from Pakistan/Bangladesh  and money from  the Middle  East, while explosives are  readily  available  locally.   Gelatine/ gelignite as also detonators are in use in mining and road  construction  and are  being diverted from there.  Fertilizers etc can be converted into explosives, and ball bearings can be sourced locally.  These  sources  need to be  monitored. 

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Weapons are being seized from police and paramilitary.  Intelligence gathering ,particularly at the grassroot level, and  assessment  needs to be drastically  improved in order to pre-empt and prevent further attacks.

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It is imperative  that  intelligence and security operations be redesigned and formatted to be be proactive  and  not  reactive.  The national security set up should be revamped as had been  done in the  US.  The   attitude  of  'laissez faire ' (let alone, let pass) must  give way to one of    proactive -preemptive  action.

The views expressed in the article are the author’s and not of Sify.com.

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