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Timeline of the 2001 Parliament attack and Afzal Guru's case

Source : SIFY
Last Updated: Sat, Feb 09, 2013 04:24 hrs

Dec 13, 2001: Five terrorists enter the parliament complex and open indiscriminate fire, killing nine people and injuring over 15.

Dec 15, 2001: Delhi Police pick up Afzal Guru, a member of terrorist outfit Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM), from Jammu and Kashmir. S.A.R. Geelani of Delhi University's Zakir Hussain College picked up for questioning and later arrested. Two others - Afsan Guru and her husband Shaukat Hussain Guru - were picked up later.

Dec 20, 2001: The IAF chief, Air Chief Marshal A.Y. Tipnis, asks station commanders in the country's western sector to maintain "operational preparedness keeping in view the present security environment" while the army gears itself for scheduled training exercises in the first half of January in Rajasthan and Punjab.

Dec 21, 2001: India recalls its high commissioner for Pakistan following Islamabad's refusal to initiate action against terrorist groups - Lashkar-e-Tayiba and Jaish-e-Muhammed - whom the government blamed for the attack.

Dec 23, 2001: Three Indian soldiers killed in an ambush by Pakistan Rangers in the Samba sector (in the Jammu region). This sparks off heavy exchange of fire across the International Border in Jammu region.

Dec 24, 2001: Indian troops destroy nearly 21 Pakistani bunkers along the Line of Control while Pakistan cancels leave for troops and recalls all its military personnel on leave.

Dec 25, 2001: Under immense international pressure, the Pakistan government arrests JeM chief Maulana Masood Azhar.

Dec 29, 2001: Afzal Guru sent to 10 days' police remand.

June 4, 2002: Charges are framed against four people - Afzal Guru, Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru, Afsan Guru and Geelani.

Dec 18, 2002: Death sentence awarded to S.A.R. Geelani, Shaukat Hussain Guru and Afzal Guru, while Afsan Guru is let off. Afzal was awarded death sentence by a Delhi court after being convicted of conspiracy to attack Parliament on December 13, 2001.

Aug 30, 2003: Jaish-e-Muhammad leader Ghazi Baba, prime accused in the attack, is killed in an encounter with the Border Security Force (BSF) in Srinagar. Three more militants along with him are also killed in the 10-hour encounter.

Oct 29, 2003: Geelani acquitted in the case. Afzal Guru' death sentence was upheld by Delhi High Court.

Aug 4, 2005: The Supreme Court, while confirming the death sentence of Afzal Guru, commutes Shaukat Hussain Guru's death sentence to 10 years' rigourous imprisonment. Afzal Guru' appeal rejected by the Supreme Court two years later.

Sep 26, 2006: Delhi court orders Afzal to be hanged.

Oct 3, 2006: Afzal Guru's wife Tabasum Guru files a mercy petition with then president A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.

Oct 20, 2006: Afzal Guru's execution initially scheduled for this date. The execution was stayed after his wife filed a mercy petition with the President. The demand for his hanging intensified after the 26/ 11 terror attacks.

Jan 12, 2007: The Supreme Court dismisses Afzal Guru's plea seeking review of his death sentence, saying "there is no merit" in it.

Dec 30, 2010: Shaukat Hussain Guru released from Delhi's Tihar Jail.

Aug, 2011: The MHA sent his mercy plea recommendation.

Dec 10, 2012: Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde says he would examine Afzal Guru's file after parliament's winter session concludes Dec 22. 

Home Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde said that he would examine Afzal Guru's file after Parliament's winter session concluded on December 22.

Dec 13, 2012: BJP gives notice for suspension of Question Hour in Lok Sabha to discuss delay in Afzal Guru's hanging.

January 23, 2013: Recommendation sent to President Pranab Mukherjee to hang Afzal Guru.

January 26, 2013: As India celebrated Republic Day, the President signed the recommendation, giving it his approval.


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