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Urban expenditure 87.4% higher than rural: Survey

Source : IBNS
Last Updated: Wed, Aug 01, 2012 11:54 hrs

New Delhi, Aug 1 (IBNS) The average MPCEURP (Monthly Per capita Consumer Expenditure with Uniform Reference Period) in 2011-12 was estimated at Rs.1281.45 in rural India and Rs.2401.68 in urban India.

Thus the per capita expenditure level of the urban population was on the average about 87.4% higher than that of the rural population, according to provisional results of Household Consumer Expenditure Survey of NSS 68th Round.

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has completed the Field work of NSS 68th round on June 30.



This round was devoted mainly to Household Consumer Expenditure and Employment and Unemployment.

The NSS consumer expenditure surveys aim at generating estimates of household monthly per capita expenditure (MPCE) and its distribution separately for the rural and urban sectors of the country, for States and Union Territories, and for different socio-economic groups.

These indicators are amongst the most important measures of the level of living of the respective domains of the population and are crucial inputs for estimation of prevalence of poverty by the Planning Commission.

The provisional results of NSS 68th Round are based on the Central Sample consisting of 7391 villages (59,070 sample households) in rural areas and 5223 urban blocks (41,602 sample households) spread over almost all States and Union Territories in the country.

Some salient findings of the survey in terms of MPCEURP are as follows:

. The average MPCEURP in 2011-12 was estimated at Rs.1281.45 in rural India and Rs.2401.68 in urban India. Thus the per capita expenditure level of the urban population was on the average about 87.4% higher than that of the rural population.

. The poorest 10% of India's rural population had an average MPCEURP of Rs.503.49. The poorest 10% of the urban population had an average MPCEURP of Rs.702.26.

. The top 10% of the rural population, ranked by MPCEURP, had an average MPCEURP of Rs. 3459.77, about 6.9 times that of the bottom 10%. The top 10% of the urban population had an average MPCEURP of Rs. 7651.68, about 10.9 times that of the bottom 10%.

. In rural India, half of the population belonged to households with MPCEURP below Rs.1030 (median value) and nearly 40% of the rural population of India had MPCEURP below Rs.922. About 60% of rural population had MPCEURP below Rs. 1162. About 10% had MPCEURP above Rs.2054.

In urban areas of India, half of the population was living with MPCEURP below Rs.1759, about 70% of population had MPCE above Rs1295, nearly 30% had MPCE above Rs. 2464, and 20% had MPCE above Rs.3077.




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