Teams from 16 countries, including men and women's teams from Canada, are in India competing in the annual Kabbadi World Cup Championship
The 2012 Kabaddi World Cup is the third edition of the circle style Kabaddi World Cup being organised by the Punjab Government.
It is being in various parts of Punjab from 1 to 15 December 2012.
The opening ceremony of the tournament was held in Bathinda and the closing ceremony will be held in Ludhiana.
The prize money for the winners of the third edition has been doubled to Rs.2 crore, while the runners-up will get Rs.1 crore.
The team finishing at third position will get Rs.51 lakhs.
During the championship's inauguration, Punjab Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Singh Badal said that dope test would be mandatory for each player as the state government was committed to ensuring a dope free tournament.
Kabbadi is a game that originated in India thousands of years ago. It is a team sport of Asian origin.
Two teams occupy opposite halves of a small swimming pool / field and take turns sending a "raider" into the other half, in order to win points by tackling members of the opposing team; then the raider tries to return to his own half, holding his breath and chanting the word "Kabaddi" during the whole raid. The raider must not cross the lobby unless he touches any of his opponents. If he does so then he will be declared as "out". There is also a bonus line which ensure extra points for the raider if he manages to touch it and return to his side of the field successfully.
In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10 m x 13 m in case of men and 8 m x 12 m in case of women. Each has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20-minute halves and a five-minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides.
Teams take turns sending a "raider" to the opposite team's half, where the goal is to tag or wrestle ("confine") members of the opposite team before returning to the home half. Tagged members are "out" and temporarily sent off the field.
The goal of the defenders is to stop the raider from returning to the home side before taking a breath.If any of the seven players cross the lobby without touching the raider he will be declared as "out".
Matches are categorized based on age and weight. Six officials supervise a match: one referee, two umpires, a scorer and two assistant scorers.
In a close match with Canada, India won the 2011 kabbadi finals.(ANI)