Pujara (162 batting) notched up his fourth Test hundred and Vijay (129 batting) scored his second ton as the record second-wicket partnership of 294 runs took India to a comfortable 311 for one, at close on second day.
The duo eclipsed the stand of 224 against Australia, set by Sunil Gavaskar and Mohinder Amarnath in 1986 at Sydney.
Having already secured a lead of 74 runs, India would target a huge one, which would take batting fourth on this track out of equation.
India scored only 49 runs in the 27 overs bowled during the opening session but the two Indian batsmen came out with a far more positive approach as they smashed 257 runs in the next two sessions.
Image: Indian batsman Cheteshwar Pujara acknowledges the crowd after finishing his century on the 2nd day of the 2nd Test match against Australia in Hyderabad on Sunday.
Text & Images: PTI