Vettel, who started from the pit lane after being demoted from third place on the grid due to a fuel infringement in qualifying, was 14th by the end of the sixth lap.
The safety car then bunched up the field after being deployed on the ninth lap following a dramatic flying smash when Germany's Nico Rosberg piled into the back of Indian Narain Karthikeyan's slowing HRT.
Rosberg's Mercedes was pitched into the air and over the Indian before plunging backwards into the safety barriers. Both drivers walked away unhurt but the impact left considerable debris strewed across the track.
The second safety car period was after a multi-car collision that ended Webber's race along with that of Raikkonen's French team mate Romain Grosjean.
McLaren's Jenson Button was fourth ahead of Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado for Williams.
Japan's Kamui Kobayashi took sixth for Sauber with Brazilian Felipe Massa seventh for Ferrari and Bruno Senna eighth for Williams.
Britain's Paul Di Resta took ninth and Australian Daniel Ricciardo bagged the final point for Toro Rosso.
In Image: Force India driver Nico Hulkenberg of Germany, left, crashes with Williams driver Bruno Senna of Brazil, during the Emirates Formula One Grand Prix