West Indies openers Gayle and Shivnarine Chanderpaul (23) started cautiously as the Indian spinners extracted some sharp turn. Off-spinner Harbhajan Singh troubled the batsmen with some turn and bounce and conceded just 16 runs from his four overs.
But slowly, the West Indies batsmen cut loose and Gayle made the best of the life he got on 46 when he top-edged a pull off Ashish Nehra in the 12th over, but Dhoni and Pathan messed up the chance by colliding with each other.
Gayle reached his 50 from 41 balls when, two balls later, a thick edge off Nehra flew to third man for his third four.
Chanderpaul, remained a mute spectator during the 80-run stand with Gayle. Sammy smashed two fours and a six in 19 from 10 balls while the big-hitting Pollard two sixes in 17 from 11 balls before he was caught at long-on in the 19th over.
With two balls left, Gayle was run out and failed to achieve the record. He was the first to score a Twenty20 international hundred when he made 117, the highest Twenty20 individual score, against South Africa in the opening match of the inaugural World Twenty20 in Johannesburg in 2007.