Steven Smith brought up his maiden test century with a six on Thursday, before Australia declared on 492-9, on day two of the fifth test with England at the Oval.
Smith smashed Jonathan Trott back over his head for six to reach the landmark and finished on 138 not out, from 241 balls, a knock including two sixes and 16 fours.
In reply, England were 32/0 when bad light forced umpires to call stumps.
Australia began the evening session on 397-6 and scored 95 runs in 11.5 overs before the declaration.
Chris Woakes claimed his first test wicket when he had James Faulkner caught for 23 and Graeme Swann bowled Mitchell Starc for 13.
Ryan Harris scored 33 from 27 balls before he was caught and bowled by James Anderson, who had England's best figures with 4-95. Rain had delayed the start of play until 2:30 p.m. local time (1330 GMT).
Conditions were gloomy and with the ball swinging around, nightwatchman Peter Siddle added only five to his overnight score before he was clean bowled by a superb ball from Anderson.
It was an isolated success for the hosts, who wasted a referral when an Anderson delivery flicked Brad Haddin's thigh pad.
The bowler didn't even appeal, but at wicketkeeper Matt Prior's insistence the call was reviewed, with the crowd audibly groaning when the footage confirmed Aleem Dar's decision.
Having selected five specialist bowlers, England resorted to Trott's occasional medium pacers, with captain Alastair Cook either unable or unwilling to bowl Swann, or risk bringing back debutant Simon Kerrigan after the mauling he received on day one.
Smith was nearly out first ball on Wednesday when he started his knock with a shocking air shot to Anderson, but he passed his previous best test score of 92 when he cut the same bowler through gully and brilliantly drove Trott's first ball of the 113th over into the stands, for his first test century in 23 innings.
Trott responded by removing Haddin four balls later, bowled by a ball he dragged on to his stumps.
James Faulkner's debut innings was brief but entertaining. He hit Stuart Broad for three fours in the first over after tea before he holed out to Woakes and was caught on the boundary by Trott. Starc scored at a run a ball and Harris continued the attack with a six from Swann, swept over cow corner.
In Swann's next over, the 126th, Harris hit Swann into the Vauxhall End but his cameo ended when he holed out to Anderson, who ran for 30 yards before catching him at mid-off.
Clarke sent Nathan Lyon out to partner Smith, but declared just one ball later, leaving England to face a tricky 22 overs before stumps.