Chennai: With one stroke, Sachin Tendulkar hit the winning runs and reached his 41st Test ton on Monday as India set a record for a successful fourth-inning run chase on home soil to beat England by six wickets in the first cricket Test.
Tendulkar shared an unbroken 163-run, fifth-wicket partnership with Yuvraj Singh (85 not out) to guide India to 387 for four with 20 overs to spare on the last day.
Tendulkar's composed 195-ball innings contained nine boundaries.
He completed his century with a swept boundary against off-spinner Graeme Swann, then into the air and celebrated the victory with Yuvraj.
England made 316 and 311-9 declared in its two innings, while India was dismissed for 241, conceding a 75-run lead in the first innings.
No team had successfully chased down so large a fourth innings target in India, and only three teams had done so anywhere in Test history.
The previous highest successful fourth innings chase in India was 276-5 by the West Indies at New Delhi in 1987.
India's best effort in winning a Test match at home when batting last before this was 256-8 against Australia at Mumbai in the 1964-65 series, but it did make 347 in the tied Test here against Australia in 1986.
The previous highest fourth innings score to avoid defeat in a Test in India was the home team's 364-6 in the drawn Test at New Delhi against Pakistan in 1987.
India's chase got off to a rousing start Sunday as opener Virender Sehwag smashed 83 off 68 balls and put on 117 runs for the opening stand with Gautam Gambhir, but it took an early jolt Monday as former captain Dravid (4) departed early.
Resuming on Monday at 131 for one, India shrugged off the loss of overnight batsmen Dravid (4) and Gambhir (66) to aggressively pursue the target, adding 82 and 91 runs in the first two sessions.
Dravid's poor form continued as he was caught behind played at an outswinger from Andrew Flintoff (1-55).
India's task became tougher when Gambhir cut James Anderson (1-30) to Paul Collingwood at gully. Gambhir's 201-minute knock featured seven boundaries from 139 deliveries.
VVS Laxman added 41 runs for the fourth wicket with Tendulkar, but departed soon after lunch as off-spinner Graeme Swann elicited an easy catch to Ian Bell at short-leg.
Yuvraj had some anxious moments against Flintoff on a wicket where occasional deliveries kept low, but came out of his shell to pull left-arm spinner Monty Panesar for a towering six over mid-wicket.
He and Tendulkar went on to add an undefeated 263 runs for the fifth wicket to see India home.
Yuvraj's unbeaten 132-ball knock featured eight boundaries and that six.
Sehwag was named Man of the Match for his match-turning innings.