However, it is credit negative for the sovereign as it aggravates mounting risks for the government in meeting its fiscal deficit target.
Among Moody's rated non-financial companies in India, commodity and information technology (IT) services companies will benefit most from the tax rate cut. "But the degree of strengthening in corporate credit profiles will depend on whether companies reinvest surplus earnings into their businesses, or use them to reduce debt or to boost shareholder returns."
In aggregate, rated non-financial companies in India reported a total pre-tax net income of about 35 billion dollars for the fiscal year ended March 2019. Assuming the earnings of these companies remain unchanged for fiscal 2019, they will save about 3 billion dollars from the tax rate reduction.
"The central government deficit target of 3.3 per cent of GDP in fiscal 2019 already assumes faster economic growth and higher tax buoyancy than we expect," said Moody's.
The July 2019 budget projected total corporate tax revenue of Rs 7.7 lakh crore (about 4 per cent of GDP), and the Finance Minister estimated that the decrease in the corporate tax rate will reduce revenue by about Rs 1.5 lakh crore in the current fiscal year.
As such, the reduction in corporate income tax revenue -- even when balanced against the windfall from the recent transfer of central bank surplus reserves, equivalent to about 0.3 per cent of GDP in the current fiscal year -- further narrows fiscal room for manoeuvre. This assumes that the government does not cut expenditure to offset the revenue loss.
While the reduction brings India's corporate tax rate closer to peers throughout Asia and will support the business environment and competitiveness, a host of cyclical factors -- including rural financial stress, weak corporate sentiment and a slow flow of credit in the financial sector -- remain headwinds to near-term growth.
"We do not expect the corporate tax rate cut to revive growth such that stronger tax buoyancy compensates for the loss in revenue," said Moody's.