For development, people have to actively participate in the development process and not remain passive beneficiaries.
Their health and educational levels are enormously important and progress on these fronts can happen even when growth is elusive. Near universal as these paradigms are becoming, they should not be applied thoughtlessly as formulae. Context matters.
Technocratic solutions which assume a well-functioning state and regulatory system and developed institutions can come unstuck in the absence of those. It is thus vital to experiment and learn, as the Chinese have done. Thus, India's battle for a better lot for its people is barely half done, or may be even less.
Image: A street urchin holds a child and walk along a road in New Delhi, India.