Mumbai: With hotels and restaurants preparing to reopen after nearly four months, the prospects of around 50 per cent of them shutting permanently also loom large, top players warn.
The Centre has indicated July 8 as the target date for the hospitality industry to throw open its doors to guests and patrons.
"The situation is bad and getting desperate every day. Till June 30, the hospitality industry piled up around Rs 1.25 lakh crore losses. Many hotels and hospitality chains have expressed inability to continue operating partially or fully," Gurbaxish Kohli, Vice-President of the Federation of Hotel & Restaurant Associations of India, told IANS.
"The proposed reopening is welcome but delayed. Initially, around 35 per cent of the industry will shut and by the year-end, it could go up to 50 per cent," Indian Hotel & Restaurant Association President Shivanand D. Shetty told IANS.
Both rued that despite the hospitality sector contributing 10 per cent to the national gross domestic product (GDP) and accounting for 12.50 per cent of jobs, "the industry has been completely ignored" by the government.
A day after a delegation of the hospitality industry met Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray on Sunday, the government issued orders with stringent guidelines permitting hotels, lodges and guest houses to resume at one-third of normal operations.
"We welcome the decision. The fate of standalone restaurants will be decided separately," Shetty said.
Kohli said there were 53,000 hotels in the regulated sector, and a similar number in the unorganised sector, which impacted revenues of the recognised industry.
Besides, there were around 5,00,000 eateries, encompassing all outlets -- from roadside dhabas to restaurants and big chains, which would be hit by the 50 per cent closure, Shetty said.
The situation was alarming even in Maharashtra where over 1,00,000 big and small restaurants would shut, entailing a major disaster in the form of over 5,00,000 job losses, said Hotels & Restaurants Association of Western India (HRAWI) spokesperson Suhas Awchat.
"Restaurants opened across India on June 8, but not in Maharashtra, where we pay among the highest statutory fees and levies in advance, which kept increasing even during lockdown," Awchat said. The HRAWI launched a campaign a#KhadyagruhaWachva (#SaveRestaurants) last week.
Remote holiday resorts had their own problems, said Pankaj Barve, owner of a 10-cottage Vulcan Wildlife Resort in the heart of the Pench Tiger Reserve of MP. "Besides taking care of staff during the lockdown, we have to ensure their well being till October, when the sanctuary will reopen for tourists," Barve told IANS.
"Until the vaccine comes, the situation will remain uncertain. It will be difficult for most operators to adhere to the stringent conditions demanded by the government, but we are ready to start," said Payyade Hotels Director P.V. Shetty, a former Joint Secretary of the Mumbai Cricket Association.
With barely 20-25 per cent availability, there was shortage of skilled staff for restaurants, and at one-third guests/patrons norms, it could be difficult even to recover operating costs, said P.V. Shetty.
Sudhakar Shetty, a restaurateur with a chain of restaurants, like Hotel Riviera and Hotel Surbhi in Thane and Mumbai, said those operating from leased premises would be the worst-hit.
"They will first have to pay the accumulated rents of the past four months, and it may take at least another four months to stabilise business. They may not find it feasible to continue," Sudhakar Shetty said.
The industry leaders apprehend that even after reopening with limits, there are big questions: "Where are the guests or patrons who are still scared, and our workers have left and will take long to return comfortably".
Besides, there has been no decision on the demand for moratorium and other relaxations sought by the industry. Union Tourism Minister Prahlad Singh Patel has not "met the industry even once" and there's no clarity on the government's plans for the hospitality sector, which will make its survival "difficult and unviable".
Kohli said over 22 million Indians travelled abroad each year, which had stopped due to the long lockdown. But if Indian states relaxed their respective rules, at least half of them could be attracted to the domestic sector, instead of visiting neighbouring countries, like Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thailand, the UAE, he said.
(Quaid Najmi can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org)