Chennai: Global credit rating agency Standard and Poor's (S&P) on Wednesday lowered the forecasts for India to 5.2 per cent from the earlier 5.7 per cent.
In a statement S&P Global Ratings said: "We lower our forecasts for China, India, and Japan for 2020 to 2.9 per cent, 5.2 per cent and -1.2 per cent (from 4.8 per cent, 5.7 per cent, and -0.4 per cent previously)."
According to S&P, the timing of a recovery depends, most of all, on progress in containing Coronavirus spread.
"Even if major progress is made during the second quarter, after a sustained period of stressed cash flow many firms will be in no position to resume investing quickly. Households that have either lost their jobs or have worked fewer hours will spend less. Banks will be busy managing the deterioration in asset quality. There will be pent-up demand but the longer the crisis drags on, the weaker it will be," S&P said.
Citing its report titled "Asia-Pacific Recession Guaranteed" S&P said the economic growth in 2020 in the region will more than halve to less than three per cent as the global economy enters a recession.
"An enormous first-quarter shock in China, shutdowns across the U.S. and Europe, and local virus transmission guarantees a deep recession across Asia-Pacific," Shaun Roache, the chief Asia-Pacific economist at S&P Global Ratings was quoted as saying in the statement.
According to S&P, by recession, it means at least two quarters of well below-trend growth sufficient to trigger rising unemployment.
"Our estimate of permanent income losses is likely to at least double to more than $400 billion," said Roache. "For credit markets, a key question is how these losses are distributed across sovereigns, firms, banks, and households."
According to the statement, China is gradually recovering from an enormous economic blow early in 2020. February data confirm a huge shock to activity in the first quarter. Investment accounts for about 45 per cent of China's economy -- and fixed asset investment in January and February combined plunged by almost 25 per cent compared with a year ago. Over the same period, industrial production and retail sales fell by 14 per cent and 21 per cent.
"These are unprecedented numbers," said Roache. "This not only confirms a hard hit to China's growth but indicates that the authorities are not smoothing the data."
External shocks from the fallout of global viral spread add a new dimension. People flows from the US and Europe will be decimated for at least two quarters, heaping more pressure on the tourism industry.
The global policy response, including the Federal Reserve's policy-rate cut to zero and the Bank of Japan's scaled-up asset purchases, will help cushion but not quickly reverse these shocks. Local measures aiming to support vulnerable sectors and workers may help but their effect will wane the longer the crisis lasts.
The amplifier of the real economic shocks, which has taken an outsized role, is tightening financial conditions. This could tip an economic recession into financial stress, said S&P.
"If lingering uncertainty results in a strong preference for US dollars, policymakers in Asia's emerging markets may be forced into a damaging round of pro-cyclical policy tightening," Roache said.
"The countries most vulnerable to capital outflows remain India, Indonesia, and the Philippines," he said.
"The scars that may be left on balance sheets and in labour markets threaten a more drawn out U-shape recovery in Asia-Pacific," said Roache.