Psychological impact of Covid higher on ophthalmologists

Source : IANS
Author : IANS
Last Updated: Tue, May 19th, 2020, 18:37:34hrs

Hyderabad, May 19 (IANS) Psychological impact of Covid-19 is higher on ophthalmologists as they are at an increased risk of close contact with the patient's eyes and face, reveals a study.

The L.V. Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI), Hyderabad, in collaboration with the All India Ophthalmological Society (AIOS) and The George Institute for Global Health India conducted an online study to evaluate the psychological impact of the Covid-19 crisis on trainees and practising ophthalmologists in India during the lockdown.

The results of this study demonstrated that a significantly high proportion of ophthalmologists were affected psychologically as they are at an increased risk of close contact with the patient's eyes and face, according to LVPEI.

Covid-19 outbreak has affected millions globally, both physically and mentally, causing psychological impact such as stress, anxiety, depression, insomnia, denial, anger and fear, it said. Psychological implications can be attributed to direct or indirect effects of the illness on livelihood and living conditions. Asymptomatic transmission of the disease causes fear and anxiety. In addition, lack of personal protective equipment (PPE) and social discrimination increases the stress and anxiety levels among healthcare professionals, it said.

Stigmatisation of health care professionals during an epidemic is common. There is a need for personalised mental health care from psychologists and psychiatrists, especially for those with moderate/severe depression and/or suicidal/self-harm ideations. This study showed that even the health workers who are not in the forefront of Covid-19 care and at less risk of being affected are suffering mental health consequences due to multiple factors.

"The national and state ophthalmology societies, health administration, and the government should be cognizant of the need to support the mental health of all the healthcare workers, and not only those in the frontline of the management of COVID-19 infection," said Dr Rohit C. Khanna, Epidemiologist and Director, Rural Eyecare services, LVPEI.

The survey covered 2,355 ophthalmologists and ophthalmologists-in-training in the age group of 25 to 82 years. Depression was significantly higher in younger ophthalmologists. It was also higher in non-practicing ophthalmologists, as also those who were considerably worried about their training or professional growth, and those with difficulty in meeting living expenses.

The results indicated that 765 (32.6 per cent) had some degree of depression, 504 (21.4 per cent) had mild, 163 (6.9 per cent) moderate and 101 (4.3 per cent) severe depression.

According to the survey report 75 (3.2 per cent) ophthalmologists had suicidal/self-harm ideations during more than half of the period over the last two weeks. This was much higher than the 10 per cent prevalence for common mental disorders reported from the general population in India. The high level of depression could be due to a generalised pervading climate of uncertainty among the ophthalmologists, triggered by the limitations in training and job security; fear factor as Covid-19 can cause severe symptoms in a segment of infected individuals; limited knowledge and availability of personal protective equipment (PPE); lack of adequate care in hospitals; and a shortage of ventilators and intensive care unit beds if someone were to contract the disease.

It could also arise out of a fear of carrying infection to the family members at home, including the elderly and sick. Finally, the entire situation has implications on the career in the intermediate term, as the patient volume in most of the eye hospitals is expected to decrease significantly, thus impacting their financial sustainability and the quality of training.

The survey was done using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), a self-report measure used to assess the severity of depression over the prior two weeks. It was designed to understand the status of the mental health of ophthalmologists and possibly use the data to design policies and programmes and provide useful solutions. The research was conducted primarily by Dr Khanna, Dr Santosh G Honavar, Asha Latha Metla, Amritendu Bhattacharya, and Dr Pallab K. Maulik.