30 rebels against the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty
The anti-Indira movement...
11. Ram Manohar Lohia: He was the first effective rebel from the Nehru era and he formulated a strategy called anti-Congressism in 1963. Till then the Congress had a stranglehold over all the States and had won all the general elections.
His campaign only bore fruit in the Indira Gandhi era when the Congress lost many States for the first time in the 1967 elections and also saw a reduced Lok Sabha share.
Lohia is remembered for his "Teen anna pandrah anna” fight with Nehru over the daily average income of the common Indian.
12. Jayaprakash Narayan: While there were a galaxy of leaders opposing Indira in the 1960s and 1970s, Narayan took leadership of them all and was instrumental in installing the first ever non-Congress government at the Centre in 1977.
13. K Kamaraj: His biggest mistake was turning down the post of PM and installing Indira. He was forced to part ways with her in the famous 1960s party split.
14. Morarji Desai: He was a Finance Minister under Nehru and the Deputy PM under Indira. Only after leaving her could he become PM in the Janata Party government in 1977.
15. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy: In a bizarre move, Reddy was the Congress candidate for President of India in 1969, but Indira pushed independent VV Giri. When Giri was elected President, Reddy quit politics. He was pulled out of retirement and made President by the Janata Party government in 1977.
16. Charan Singh: A critic of Nehru, he split with Indira and became the first PM to never face Parliament when he ruled from 1979-80.
17. Chandra Shekhar: Highly critical of Indira, he became President of the Janata Party after the Emergency and finally PM in 1990.
18. Biju Patnaik: An aftermath of the above-mentioned 1969 Presidential elections, Biju parted ways to form the Utkal Congress and ultimately became a JD CM of Odisha.
Image: Morarji Desai on 19 January 1966. (AFP)