At one level Pakistan has been at war with India right from the second it was created to the present day. The two have clashed so many times and these clashes have been described as “wars”, “conflicts”, “terrorism” etc.
However each and every act of Pakistan’s belligerence could be called an act of war.
A look at 10 of them…
1. War at the LoC: For the army or BSF personnel at the LoC who is receiving fire non-stop fire from the enemy and is forced to retaliate, it is war. For the dead and injured soldiers and civilians, it is war.
Pakistan keeps violating the ceasefire with impunity on a regular basis. This has been happening for ages. In fact in just the current round of exchanges, hundreds have either been killed or injured. Tens of thousands have been displaced.
2. The financial war: There is something called financial terrorism or a financial war. Counterfeiting by them is so common that there is an acronym: FICN (Fake Indian Currency Notes). High currency notes are faked regularly in Pakistan and smuggled through India’s neighbours like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal.
In fact, last year the National Investigating Agency made a sensational claim that the counterfeit notes matched that of the legal tender of Pakistan, implicating the government there. The total amount is in the tune of thousands of crores of Rupees and a clear aim to destabilize India’s economy.
Pakistan’s official spy agency the ISI is allegedly at the centre of it all.
3. War of Terror: While America launched a War on Terror on the world; Pakistan launched a War of Terror on India. They hold anti-India terror camps in Pakistan. They push terrorists into India. They give them all the financial and political help they need.
They help the Indian Mujahideen (IM). The most high-profile attack on Indian soil is 26/11, but that is not the only one. It is also not a new phenomenon. In the 1980s too, Pakistan helped Khalistani separatists.
4. Kargil War: This was the last all-out war in 1999. The scary part is that the longest there has been no open conflict between India and Pakistan has been is 16 years and 6 months. Currently the peace has been holding for 15 years and 3 months.
Of course that’s an all-out war or conflict. Behind the scenes war has been raging forever.
5. Kashmir Militancy: This is the longest war being fought for more than 20 years. The Indian media made a big mistake calling them militants or separatists or insurgents. They should have been called terrorists outright from the beginning.
Asking for Independence is one thing, using AK-47s and bombs is another thing altogether.
6. Siachen Conflict: This is one conflict where the India pre-empted Pakistan. In 1984, we launched Operation Meghdoot which led us to capture Siachen Glacier in 1984. It was previously an unoccupied area.
This is another conflict where thousands have been killed.
7. Bangladesh War: An internal civil war and the absolute brutality of the Pakistani Army in East Pakistan led to an influx of refugees into India. India had no choice but to intervene and liberate Bangladesh to prevent being totally swamped.
Of course it had a downer for India. While there’s hardly anyone alive who witnessed the Partition riots, now suddenly there were thousands of humiliated Pakistani soldiers who vowed never to make peace with India.
One of them was Pervez Musharraf, the architect of the Kargil War.
8. 1965 War: Emboldened by India’s defeat in the 1962 China war, Pakistan attacked only to be humiliated. Instead of backing off, they kept attacking India again and again.
9. Rann of Kutch: This battle took place just before the 1965 war and the Indian and Pakistani forces clashed at the border.
10. Kashmir War: Pakistan was officially formed on 14 August, 1947 and on October 22 itself the first Indo-Pak conflict began. Ceasefire was declared only on January 1, 1949 and since then nobody has been able to keep track of ceasefire violations along the border by Pakistan.
Pakistan lost thousands from 1947-49, but it did not make a difference.
They would lose lakhs of people in the years to come and eventually become a failed State.
But they still refuse to let go of their hatred towards India.
Image: Soldiers from the Indian army fire their 105mm guns, 31 May 1999, from their outpost near Kargil towards the India-Pakistan border in Kashmir. India launched massive air strikes, 01 June 1999, against Moslem guerillas in Kashmir and accused Pakistan of intensifying artillery fire along their disputed border, as the two rivals argued over dates for peace talks. (AFP)
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The author is a Bangalore-based journalist and blogger. He blogs here.